facts about turtles

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  1. Turtles have a hard shell that protects them like a shield, this upper shell is called a ‘carapace’. Turtles also have a lower shell called a ‘plastron’. Many turtle species (not all) can hide their heads inside their shells when attacked by predators
  2. Turtles have existed for around 215 million years.
  3. Turtles are reptiles
  4. Like other reptiles, turtles are cold blooded.
  5. The largest turtle is the leatherback sea turtle, it can weigh over 900 kg! (2000 lb) Turtles lay eggs
  6. In some species of turtle the temperature determines if the egg will develop into a male or female, lower temperatures lead to a male while higher temperatures lead to a female
  7. Some turtles lay eggs in the sand and leave them to hatch on their own. The young turtles make their way to the top of the sand and scramble to the water while trying to avoid predators
  8. Sea turtles have special glands which help remove salt from the water they drink
  9. Many turtle species are endangered
  10. Along with the other creatures, the tortoises were rescued and brought back to the Soviet Union for study. The Soviets revealed that the tortoises had lost about 10 percent of their body weight, and showed an “excessive content” of glycogen and iron in their liver tissue and some changes in their spleens. Otherwise, though, the tortoises remained active and showed no loss of appetite, according to NASA
  11. Never buy a turtle or tortoise from a pet shop. This only increases the demand of their capture from the wild
  12. Never take a turtle or tortoise from the wild yourself
  13. If you see a tortoise crossing a road, pick it up and set it in the same direction it was going. Don’t try to make it go back, it will only turn around and try again
  14. Report the sale of any turtle or tortoise that is less than four inches. This is illegal throughout the United States
  15. May 23 is World Turtle Day. It was started in 2000 by the American Tortoise Rescue organization to help people celebrate and protect turtles and tortoises around the world. In general, the term turtle is used for aquatic species, and tortoise refers to turtles that live on land
  16. Turtles and tortoises have a higher risk of extinction than many other vertebrates due to their ongoing capture from the wild for food, pets, medicines, cosmetics and other uses. There have been 327 species of turtles identified globally, and up to 54 percent of those are considered threatened
  17. Chelonians’ shells look a little like human body armor, so one might conclude that they’re reptilian versions of the powered exoskeleton that makes Iron Man such a fearsome superhero. But the shell, which is made up of about 50 different bones, actually is an evolutionary modification of the rib cage and part of the vertebral column. And contrary to what you may have seen in animated cartoons, a chelonian can’t take off its shell and crawl out of it — just as you couldn’t dismantle your own spine and ribs, according to the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.

Here is the link from where i got the facts!

http://www.care2.com/greenliving/10-surprising-facts-about-turtles.html

http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/animals/turtle.html

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