Joseph is a 13 year year old that has changed over the story. he had escaped Germany with his mother and than meet his father when they were going to leave Germany. They were shipped to Cuba in the SS. Saint Louis and where in it for a month and a half. they came to Cuba but the were denied and told to go to the U.S. U.S also denied them to stay so they went to Germany and where shipped to different European country. They where sent to France and later the Nazi’s invaded them and forced Josef and his family to escape. German solders meet his family and had sent him and his mother to concentration camp where him and his mother died. Ruthie grew up and was later the person to give refugee’s a home to stay.